Glossary of Terms

Newcomers to Schutzhund can find themselves mighty confused when it comes to the abbreviations and acronyms they encounter. Sometimes, the old-timers can’t remember what they stand for either! Especially when they’re based on words from another language!

There are too many to cover every conceivable acronym that you are going to encounter. However, these are the most likely to cause confusion in the sport of Schutzhund. They are presented here in alphabetical order, for ease of reference, with links to related abbreviations. Some explanation is provided where the meaning is not self-evident. This should help you make sense of the terms that are tossed around in conversation, and the alphabet soup that appears on pedigrees and in ads for dogs and litters.


A a-stamp 'a-stamp' (indicates a passing hip score with regards to testing for hip dysplasia/joint laxity). An SV certification rating. See also OFA, OVC, PennHip.
a-Normal = certified normal hips
a-Fast Normal = certified near normal hips
a-Noch zugelassen = certified hips, still permissable for breeding
a ausgeprägt - Pronounced. Used by the judge in describing a dog’s courage and "hardness" see TSB
A Ausreichend — sufficient — show or performance rating
ABST Advanced Breed Suitability Test
AD Ausdauerprüfung - endurance trial 12 miles in 2 hours.
AKC American Kennel Club - American breed club organization. The AKC is not involved in the sport of Schutzhund. The AKC has a working relationship with the FCI, but not with WUSV. The AKC is a club of clubs, and is primarily a registry for purebred dogs.
AZG Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Zuchtvereine und Gebrauchshundeverbände — Association of breed registry and working-dog sport clubs — The AZG has the purpose of administrating uniform international schutzhund rules via the FCI, to assure inter-club and international conformity, making it possible to hold identical or similar international trial competitions in many countries. see VDH
Begleithunde - the preliminary and prerequisite test for a dog going on to get his/her Schutzhund titles. A combination temperament and obedience test. B and BH are used interchangeably.
B Besitzer Owner
BSP BundesSiegerPrüfung - trial at the national level
BST Breed Suitability Test
BSZS BundesSiegerZuchtSchau - show at the national level
Companion Dog, Companion Dog Excellent. Obedience titles granted by the AKC / CKC
CGC the dog has a Canine Good Citizen certificate
CHD Canine Hip Dysplasia
CKC Canadian Kennel Club - the Canadian equivalent of the AKC. Unlike the AKC, the CKC has individual members. Primarily a breed registry. Also, Continental Kennel Club, a different and completely unrelated dog breed organization.
DHV The German "Dog Sport Club" (Deutscher Hundesport Verein), which is the "National parent club" or the "Union" of the Dog Sport Clubs of Germany.
DVG Deutscher Verband der Gebrauchshundsportvereine e.V. (German member of DHV) A dog sport club and one of the larger members of the DHV. Has some branches in the US and Canada Alternate organization for Schutzhund, with slightly different rules, and a broader breed focus - not limited to the GSD.
EZ Einfache Zucht (Simple Breeding) Only one parent has a working degree.
FCI Fédération Cynologique Internationale - the world Canine organization. Membership is currently at 79 countries’ national, purebred dog organizations.
FH 1,
FH 2
Fährtenhund - tracking dog title
G Gut (good show or performance rating)
GSD German Shepherd Dog - common abbreviation for German Shepherds
GSDCA German Shepherd Dog Club of America - a member of the WUSV but not the FCI
GSDCC German Shepherd Dog Club of Canada
GSSCC German Shepherd Schutzhund Club of Canada - a WUSV member
GZ Gebrauchshundzucht - Utility Dog Breeding. Both parents have working titles.
H Hündin - Female
HD Hip Dysplaysia
HOT Handler-Owner-Trained
IPO also IP 1, 2, 3 International Prüfungsordnung (International working tests) Class I, II, III, similar to schutzhund. International Schutzhund titles, functionally equivalent to SchH I, II, III.
Körklasse 1 (especially recommended for breeding by the SV) Körklasse 2 (suitable for breeding by the SV)
KLZ Kör- und Leistungszucht - Qualification and Performance Breeding. Both parents have breed surveys and all four grandparents have working titles.
KZ Körzucht - Qualification Breeding - Both parents have breed surveys.
LBST Lifetime Breed Suitability Test
Lbz Lebenszeit - Breed surveyed for life
LZ Leistungszucht - Performance Breeding. Both parents and all four grandparents have working titles
M Mangelhaft -faulty - show or performance rating
ng nicht genügend - insufficient. Used by the judge in describing a dog’s courage and "hardness". See TSB
OFA Orthopedic Foundation for Animals a non-profit registry which issues "arms length" certification on various health concerns, (not limited to Orthopaedics). Reference is usually with regards to the practice of x-raying hips and certifying the dogs to be free of hip dysplasia. See also "a stamp"
OFA Excellent - no dysplasia, superior hip socket conformation
OFA Good - no dysplasia, a well formed, congruent hip joint
OFA Fair - no dysplasia, minor irregularities in the hip joint present OFA Borderline - no consensus between radiologists to place hip into either a normal or dysplastic catagory OFA Mild (Grade I) - mild hip dysplasia present
OFA Moderate (Grade II) - moderate hip dysplasia present
OFA Severe (Grade III) - severe hip dysplasia present
OVC Ontario Veterinary College (Canada) Hips will be graded as Pass or Fail. See also OFA and "a stamp"
PennHIP Developed at University of Pennsylvania (USA) The procedure measures hip joint laxity; it does not grade a passing or failing score. Loose hips are more prone to developing degenerative joint disease. See OVC, OFA, "a stamp"
R Rüde - Male
ROM Register of Merit - title awarded to the sire or dam for the accomplishments of its progeny.
ROM - Register of Merit: A title given by the German Shepherd Dog Club of America to animals who have produced a minimum number of conformation Champions and other winning offspring.
ROM/C - Register of Merit United States and Canada
ROMC - Register of Merit Canada
SchH 1,
SchH 2, SchH 3
Schutzhund, and the 3 levels of titles awarded. Each level is a progression and built on the skills learned in the previous level. Used as an abbreviation, "SchH" can refer to the dog or the sport. Titles are sometimes written as SchH 1, SchH 2, SchH 3.
SchHA A limited SchH title, similar to SchH I but without the tracking portion.
SG Sehr Gut (very good show or performance rating)
SG1, SG2, etc. See V1.
SGR Sieger (male) or Siegerin (female) -the best male or female at the national conformation specialty show
SV Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde (German Shepherd Dog Club) The original GSD breed club and breed registry, based in Germany. The SV is not only the largest breed-specific registry in the world, it’s also extremely active. In addition to being a breed registry, the SV also promotes working-dog activities, i.e. by awarding working titles (SchH). They also sanction conformation show and koerungs (breed surveys). The SV is a member of the VDH. (Schutzhund,IPO etc.)
SZ Precedes the SV registration number i.e SZ 1234567
TC Temperament Certificate
TD, TDX Tracking dog titles granted by the AKC/CKC
TSB Triebveranlagung - fighting drive
TT Temperament Tested
U ungenügend - insufficient - show or performance rating
UD UDX Utility Dog, Utility Dog Excellent. Advanced obedience titles granted by the AKC/CKC
UKC United Kennel Club
USA United Schutzhund Clubs of America
USA United Schutzhund clubs of America (as opposed to United States of America)
V Vorzüglich (excellent show or performance rating) awarded to dogs with a working title only
NZB Nachzucht Bewertung - progeny evaluation
v -
von or vom - in a dog’s name, meaning "of" or "from"Usually indicates the start of the kennel name. I.e. dogname von kennelname. "Von" or "vom" is gender specific to the gender of the kennel name - not the dog.
V1 V2, V3, etc. Ranking at the BSP, V being excellent and top rating, the top placed dog is V1, second is V2, etc. until reaching the dogs rated SG, then they are SG1, SG2, etc.
VA Vorzüglich-Auslese (Excellent Select show rating given only at Sieger show) (VA-1) See V1.
VDH Dog Society of Germany - VDH (Verband für das Deutsche Hundewesen e.V.). It is the "national", "parent", or "main"dog club of Germany, and in turn is a member in, and bound by the rules of that international or "World Dog Club", the FCI. The SV is a member of the VDH.
Just to be confusing, VDH is also the German Shepherd Dog club in the Netherlands, (Vereniging van Fokkers en Liefhebbers van Duitse Herdershonden)
vh vorhanden - Present or Sufficient Used by the judge in describing a dog’s courage and "hardness" see TSB, or in the context of a show rating.
WDA Working Dog Association
WUSV Welt Union der Schäferhundvereine or World Union of GSD clubs. International breed umbrella for GSD breed clubs. Author and owner of the GSD international breed standard for the FCI (see FCI) Currently represents more than 60 countries, established to bring all GSD clubs worldwide closer together, and in sync with the SV in Germany. (see SV) The WUSV is allied to the FCI through direct communications, as well as through membership in the FCI club, the German VDH. (see VDH) Clubs like the GSSCC and the USA have a dotted-line connection to the FCI and a direct connection to the WUSV, and that strongly encourages them to abide by both FCI and SV regulations.
Z Züchter   Breeder
Ztgl Zuchttauglich Suitable for breeding. Subject animal passed their ZTP.
Zuchttauglichkeitsprüfung - Breed-Suitability-Test - incorporating hip rating, conformation, and basic working ability.
ZW Zuchtwert. ZW-value — Zuchtwert evaluation — is Breed Value Assessment - a number assigned that gives an indication of the genotype of the dog for breeding purposes.